Do You Know, These Are The Some Of The Common Diseases Of Old Age?

Old age brings a number of issues and one of them is the diseases. There are different of diseases that can happen in the old age but if people will remain aware of these then the chances of turning these into fatal becomes much lesser.

There are different sort of issues can be confronted by the people in the old age. If people will stay aware of these diseases, then the chances of turning into fatal become less. There could be joint problems, nerve problems, heart problems those can have a lasting effect on the body and mind in later ages. A doctor mentioned that knee joint replacement has become a very common problem in such issues. Blockage of heart, kidney stones and nerve issues are some of the other problems that are being faced by the people at the old age.

There is something entrancing about developing old. For a few people this is an agile and unwinding background, while for others it can be very startling. As the well-known adage goes: “With age comes insight,” and this can make the more seasoned era at last come to understand that the most valuable things in this life are their family and companions. In spite of the fact that there are various diseases that normally influence those individuals 55 years and more seasoned. Five are very common in this age bunch. Here are some of the core issues that can hurt people for sure in the old age Arthritis, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s ailment, Heart Failure, Cancer.

A standout amongst the most widely recognized burdens is Arthritis, which includes harm to the joints in the human body and is seen frequently in elderly patients.

In spite of the fact that this condition has more than 100 distinct structures, presumably the most well-known will be known as Osteoarthritis. It can regularly happen taking after some sort of unsettling influence to the joint is referred to. This can be disease, damage, or essentially years of wear. The most widely recognized grumbling announced for this joint inflammation is agony and enduring in the region. Despite the fact that it can be restricted to one region, there are additionally situations where it deteriorates, spreading to various areas.

Another basic disease found in senior subjects is Alzheimer’s. This is the most far reaching type of dementia, and is, lamentably, serious. Much of the time, this specific ailment is found in individuals no less than 65 years old, however there are uncommon cases of seniors who have been analyzed before this time allotment. The course of this disorder can really be partitioned into four unmistakable time spans, beginning with the pre-dementia stage and afterward finishing early and direct completely through cutting edge.

As of now, researchers have no response to keeping the onset of Alzheimer’s sickness, however there are a few discoveries that may really add to the improvement of this ailment. These incorporate poor cardiovascular wellbeing, poor dietary admission, and absence of scholarly incitement.

The remainder of our five is Parkinson’s diseases, which can influence individuals who are no less than sixty years old, in spite of the fact that it can be seen in more youthful gatherings as well. The indications of the condition incorporate tremors, weakness, and issues with adjust, and joint solidness, among others.

Heart Failure is another issue that appears to influence a great deal of seniors. This is basically the state where the blood is not pumped in satisfactory ads up to fulfill the requirements of the body. There are various fundamental reasons for this ailment and they incorporate hypertension (or hypertension), corpulence, valve issues, and heart assaults. Each of them has a tendency to debilitate this most vital muscle and make it less effective to work.

There are various distinctive manifestations that are experienced before heart disappointment, and they incorporate such things as hacking, shortness of breath, and swelling of the lower legs. They can caution signs to get help before it is past the point of no return.

Malignancy is another issue found in the elderly and it is the unreasonable development of specific cells in the body. At times, this includes the attack of different cells, which can spread to different parts of the body. Most analysts trust that lone around 10% of disease is created by hereditary qualities, with the funds receivable to way of life and environment. Portions of the last that have appeared to be components are contaminations, tobacco, and radiation.

However, it has been seen in many cases that these particular diseases not only happens at a old age but can also happen at a earlier age too. Therefore, one must remain cautious about such things.

Risk and Complications You Must Be Aware of Hip Replacement Surgeries

knee-replacementsThe number of replacement surgery in India has increased in the past few years. Due to the complication related to hip joints and knee joints patients are visiting doctors for the replacement surgeries. Hip joint replacement becomes important in case you suffer from arthritic hip or face an accident. In order get a long lasting relief from the arthritic pain, patients usually go for hip replacement surgeries. However, there is very little chance of error in this operation but still as like any major surgery it has also certain risks. In the post, I am going to discuss about the risks and the complications related to common hip replacement surgery in India that patients must be aware off.

The complications can be divided into two different categories such as general complications and specific complications. The general complications are such as allergic to the given medication, loss of blood during transfusion, heart attack, organ failure or nerve blocking etc. These are very general complications, which are related with most of the major operations. However, there are certain specific complications are related with the hip replacement surgeries. These are discussed below.

Blood clots: During or later the surgery it has been seen that patient can come up with the complication of the blood clotting in deep veins of leg that resulting into pain or swelling. If the clot will not be cleared off, it can causes future complications also. In different ways, these complications can be handled. Doctors can give medications or in case of emergency can go for another operative process to get the clot out.

Pulmonary embolism: Sometimes it happens that the clots of blood passes through the veins and reach the lungs through the veins and can be stuck. In such cases, the patient can be detected with breathlessness, chest pain that may result into collapse. In order to get rid of these, doctors prescribe blood thinning medicines or oxygen therapy.

Infection: Infection can happen at any major operations. In order to avoid the infections operation theatres are especially equipped with systems that pump fresh air within it. The infection in case of hip replacements can be dealt with the medicines but the replaced joints have to be removed until that. After an interval of 6 to 12 weeks, new hip components are being planted again.

Dislocation: A study suggests that one in a 20 cases it has been found that the artificial joint may get dislocated. In such cases, the patient has to go through the operations again in order to put the joint back in the position. In case, it is occurring for more than once, the patient may have to gone through surgeries again or has to put and braces in order to stabilise the joints. Thus in order to stay protected it is necessary that the patient must not bend the joints more than 90 degree. It is also advised to them that not to cross the legs more than the midline of the body.

Wear: It has been seen that people operated and replaced with the plastic socket are facing the problem of inflammation and the worn plastic eat away hipbones. In order to get rid of the problem people are more often prone to the ceramic on ceramic or metal on metal joints. The reason is that these joints are wear less. However, it comes with the risk as metal on metal joints releases metal ions, which can have other adverse effects on the bones. Advanced hard wearing plastics are also developed and used in order avoid this risk.

Inequality in leg length: Due to the artificial replacement sometime, an inequality of leg length is recorded within the patients after operation. However, doctors take ample precautions in order to avoid the problem. Due to the muscle weakness it is also been found that the height of the leg gets unequal. However, in order to resolve the issue a shoe raise is necessary in the shorter part.

Loosen replacement: One of the common causes of the failure of hip replacement is found due to the loosen up of the artificial replacement. However, it can occur at any point of time but generally, it has been seen to occur after the 10 or 15 years of the operation. In case the bone got thinner, the artificial joint may get loosen. In these cases, the only option is to undergo the surgery again in order to fix the problem.

In order to conclude I can say that surgery at any age is not a pleasant experience for anybody. However, at some point of time we have to choose between living a normal life and life in a incapacitating conditions. Therefore, we have to choose the surgical process in order restore the normal functionalities our life.

Common Complication of a Knee Surgery

knee-replacementsIn a long medical career I have found that people faces a lot of trouble in the post surgery period. However, most of the knee replacements surgeries are recorded as successful one. There are only few cases where it has been found that there are some complications related with the knee replacement operations. Broadly, the complication can be classified into two different categories. These are short-term complication and long-term complications. We will discuss both the problems on by one.

Short terms problems are the problems, which are negligible one and are settled within a few weeks. Here are certain examples of the following:

Pain: Once the patient comes out of the anaesthesia, he or she may feel some amount of sore around the place of operational scar. In order to keep the pain in control doctors usually give pain relief medicines. It is always advisable to follow the medications that are prescribed by the doctors and not to manage anything except that.  In order to keep the pain in control the patients can do the lighter exercises also. However, within few week patients likely to feel better as they do not have to fight with arthritis anymore and can move the knees freely.

Numbness: Patients often feels numb around the scar. The reason is that due to operation few of the nerves that are related with feeling are being cut. It takes nearly a year or more to heal the nerves completely. Thus until it will be completely solved the patient may feel the numbness in that area.

Swelling: It is one of the very common problems faced by the patients. In the post operative period swelling around the knee is usually happens and to reduce it the bandages are tied around it. Once the operative bandages are removed, the patient can use the tubigrip compression bandages around the knee to support it. Keeping the leg elevated helps to drain the excess fluid from the knee and reduce the swelling. Applying the ice therapy can be another effective measure to get rid of the swelling. There are different types of ice therapy that can be used such as cryo cuffs generally used in hospitals.

In addition there are certain long-term complications are also there of knee replacement surgery. There are following:

Wearing the prosthetics can be one of the long-term problems that people usually faces. It has been seen that the knee replacement surgery last nearly 20 years from the operation. However, the timing may differ from patient to patient depending on the age and other specifications.

It has found that there are nearly 1.4% of the people have to do a total replacement which is known as revision knee replacement. Else, people can be relived through the partial knee replacement surgery also.

Another long-term complication of knee replacements is any kind of infection at the knee joints. Fortunately, the chance of infection in case of the knee replacement is very rare. There are three different classification can be done of the knee infection based on the time from the surgical period. These are Early that occurs within a timeframe of three months from the operation, Delayed that occurs within three months to less than a year and Late, that are happened after a year from the surgery.

Early infection mostly occurs due to microorganisms that enter the body during operation. The common traits of the infection is swelling, fever effusion etc.

Delayed infections have the same symptoms as of the early infections. It is also caused of the microorganisms while doing the operation.

Late infections are mostly happens due to haematogenous situation means are infected from the other parts of the body. Ion this kind of infection the bacteria come from the other places such as dental area, pneumonia, urinary infections etc that travel through the blood. In order avoid such kind of infection doctors generally advice the patient to take antibiotics at the pre operative stage. However, doctors test the infected blood and culture that to heal the problem.

In addition to these complications, there can be other complications also such as forming clots of blood in the vain, damage of blood vessel or the nerves etc. Other common complications are congestive heart failure, hyperglycaemia, haemorrhage, Edema etc. Instability of ligaments, stiffness of joints, problems related to track the platella are some of the other complications that can rise at the post operation period. Therefore, it is advisable to the patients that if they found anything unnatural after the operative period they must visit their doctor without loosing any time further.

11 Important Questions You Should Ask The Doctor About A Knee Replacement Operation

dr._rakesh_rajputabtRight from a heavy fall in the playgrounds, to an on-road collision – there can be a variety of causes that can result in your knee joint getting severely damaged. There is no particular reason to despair on this count though, since complete or partial knee joint replacements (as the consultant doctor deems necessary) are performed regularly in India. The onus, however, is on you to clarify all doubts about the surgical process and the post-operative care regimen. Here are the eleven most important questions that you should ask your orthopaedic specialist:

  • Can chronic blood clotting problems stand in the way of getting healed quickly? – If your blood does not tend to clot easily, inform the orthopaedic doctor about the same before the operation. In case you have a history of blood infections – make sure that the surgeon is aware of that as well.
  • What is the quality of the prosthetic(s) to be used? – Request the doctor to use imported, top-quality artificial joints for knee replacements. Prosthetics of local make generally bear slightly lower price tags, but their efficacy and reliability over time remains suspect. You should not have to get the prosthetic replaced before 12-15 years (at the earliest).
  • How long would the knee be in a protective cast? – For a few days after a complete knee joint replacement surgery, the limb would be encased in a cast. For partial replacements too, such casts would be used – albeit for a lesser number of days. Find out for how long the cast has to be retained, and make sure that the joint is not exposed to sudden, strong jerks in the interim.
  • Would you need a blood thinning agent? – In order to prevent infections, orthopaedic specialists usually recommend using a blood thinner, right after an artificial knee joint has been inserted. Inquire in detail about the type of blood thinner you would require (if at all). You should also be aware of the duration for which the thinner has to be used.
  • Can lung problems be an issue? – Yes they can – and that’s exactly why you should mention such problems (if present) to the orthopaedic surgeon. If you have lung clots and/or chronic asthma, acute respiratory problems can be experienced after the application of anesthesia. Even if it is a relatively minor custom fit knee surgery you are going for, lung problems should never be ignored.
  • Would walking aids be required? – As you resume movements after a knee replacement surgery, you would probably be advised to use crutches, canes or knee braces for the first 2-3 weeks. Make sure that you follow the advice, to minimize chances of falls (which can cause further damages to the tender joint). In certain cases, special medical stockings might also have to be worn, to keep the knee joint properly compressed.
  • What can be the probable after-effects of a knee surgery? – Most knee surgeons have the expertise and knowhow to complete joint replacement operations in the best possible manner – but the risks of problematic after-effects cannot be ruled out altogether. Find out about the inflammations, enhanced bone tenderness, and/or acute pains that might be experienced after the surgery. Make sure that you can get in touch with the doctor, in case of any such emergency.
  • What would be the medications you need to have while recuperating? – Post-operative medications after knee replacements are not only about painkillers. You will, in all likelihood, have to take vitamin pills, anti-inflammatory pills, and other supplementary medicines. Get a thorough idea of the courses of these medicines, so that confusions do not arise later.
  • Which knee rehabilitation exercises would be ideal for you? – To get back the lost mobility in your knee joint, you will gradually have to start following a regular exercise schedule. Application of heat and ice is necessary for the first 6-7 days after a knee joint replacement surgery. If there are no complications, you can proceed to light joint stretching exercises (as advised by the orthopaedic doctor).
  • Will arthroscopic techniques be used for the surgery? – Advanced knee replacement surgeries are generally carried out with arthroscopic aids. This involves the insertion of a small camera-piece inside the joint – to provide a real-time feed about whether the joint is being inserted and set in the correct manner. In case your knee surgeon is in favor of using this technique, find out whether it would add to the overall expenses (and by how much).
  • How long do you need to wait, before resuming your professional life? – If you are professionally employed, you need to know the duration for which you should stay on medical leave. Depending on whether you have undergone a partial or complete knee replacement, and whether yours is a desk job or not – a resting period of one to two months is recommended. Trying to rejoin work too soon might land you back at a hospital!

Inquire about how much the total bill for the knee joint replacement surgery is likely to be. While desperately trying to save money on a major orthopaedic procedure makes no sense at all, such information would help you arrange for the requisite funds from beforehand. Knee replacements are way less risky than what they used to be a couple of decades back – but that does not mean you can afford to be lax about it!

Top 8 Habits That Can Cause Serious Bone Damages

knee-replacementOrthopedic complications can jeopardize your ability to perform your daily tasks, and might adversely affect your movements too. Unfortunately, there are many common habits, which enhance the risks of potentially terminal fractures, and other bone damages. Say goodbye to the habits listed below, and lower your chances of requiring knee replacements and other such elaborate orthopedic procedures:

  1. An overall reckless attitude – Irrespective of whether you are crossing a busy road, or are moving about in your house – doing everything with a modicum of care and patience is essential. Accidental falls can result in serious fractures, while on-road collisions can be potentially fatal. Be careful in whatever you are doing – and keep risks of bone breakages minimal.
  2. Following an unhealthy diet – Having meals at irregular times, with lots of oil-rich items in them does not only increase your body weight – the habit makes your bones more prone to damages as well. Consult a professional dietician, about the necessary nutritional supplements (vitamins, minerals, omega acids, etc.) that should be present in your meals. Of course, if you have undergone a knee joint replacement surgery or any other such orthopedic operation recently, you need to follow special post-operative diets.
  3. Heavy drinking and puffing habits – Regular smoking can leave you more prone to serious and long-standing bone damages. Frequent consumption of alcoholic liquors also has the same effect. Teenagers, in particular, need to stay away from such unhealthy habits – so that the development of their bone structure is not hampered in any way.
  4. Staying at a single place for too long – Curling up on the sofa in front of the television is definitely an attractive idea – but don’t do this for hours on end every day. In general too, avoid maintaining the same body posture for too long. Obesity might be a direct result, which, in turn can lead to acute joint pains and aches. Often, such lazy habits can necessitate partial knee replacements and other such orthopedic treatments. Be a little more active – and stay healthier!
  5. Taking too many painkillers – OTC painkillers offer only temporary pain relief, and hardly ever provides any lasting solution to orthopedic problems. If you are experiencing muscular and joint pains often, get in touch with a specialist as soon as possible. For example, if there are problems in your knee joint, you will probably require a custom fit knee surgery in India. Popping a few pills will only aggravate the problem.
  6. Being too stressed out – While many don’t realize this, too much of stress has an unfavorable impact on the strength of your bone structure in particular, and your overall health, in general. Read books, listen to relaxation music, or perform any other task that helps you to get rid of daily stresses and mental strains. Your alertness levels will increase too!
  7. Missing out on the symptoms of bone infections – Find out the common symptoms of the different bone infections, from the web. Tumors in and around the shoulder and knee area also need to be diagnosed at an early stage. If you are negligent on this count, you might end up with having no other option than going for a shoulder joint or partial knee replacement surgery.
  8. Subjecting yourself to bone fatigue – Do not perform tasks that involve repetitive limb movements, for too long at a stretch. This is particularly important, if you are involved in any type of industrial activities. The resultant bone fatigue can leave you more vulnerable to fractures and other damages.

Get in touch with professional knee surgeons and other orthopedic experts, whenever you start feeling discomforts in the joints/bony areas of your body. Fractures caused by unforeseen accidents might be inevitable – but you can at least avoid the above-mentioned habits, and boost the general healthiness of your bones!

Top 10 Joint Replacement Problems that You Might Face

knee-replacementsAs far as orthopaedic fracture surgeries are concerned, I do have a pretty good track record. To keep risks of post-surgical complications as low as possible, I make provisions for all probable problems that a person might face – following a joint replacement surgery. I have here jotted down some of the common joint revision risks that I am mostly concerned about:

  1. Errors in test reports – Any best Orthopedic Surgeon in India would emphasize patients to get scans and radiology tests done from a reliable, known pathological lab. The test reports and images indicate the exact nature, type and scale of joint replacements required for different patients. Unless the problems can be properly diagnosed from the test reports, the treatment would hardly have any chance to be effective.
  2. Substandard quality of implants – I have often come across patients, who, in a bid to keep the surgical expenses low, request for cheap, locally made prosthetics. I keep telling them that, for any type of replacement surgery in India, it is of essence to insert sophisticated and durable artificial joints, which would provide lasting relief – even if their prices are slightly higher.
  3. Improper prosthetic insertion – I do not boast of being the best orthopedic surgeon in India or anything – but at least I make sure that all the implant(s) are inserted in the limbs of patients with unerring accuracy. Six hours prior to a shoulder, hip or knee joint replacement surgery, I mark the site through which the insertion has to be done. Prosthetics are never inserted until the pain levels of patients have been brought down somewhat.
  4. Infections and blood clots – While performing a pelvic or acetabular fracture surgery in India, I am very careful about possible infections that might occur – after the completion of the surgery. I keep provisions for surgical removal of bone tumors (if present), and generally prescribe a short course of antibiotics – to be had during the couple of weeks following the operation. In case any blood clot is found at the time of joint replacements, they are operated out immediately.
  5. Removal of scar tissues – This is a prime consideration of mine, particularly at the time of a complete knee replacement. Scar tissues and scabs develop at and near the site of operation, for almost all patients. If left untreated, these can severely hamper leg movements, and make the joint(s) painfully stiff. I generally delegate the task of destroying these scar tissues to my anesthetic expert. The condition of the soft tissues surrounding the joint is also closely monitored by me.
  6. Longevity of the prosthetics – I need to prescribe mobile-bearing joints (which are generally made of polyethylene), for knee or hip replacements of patients who have a generally active lifestyle. In such cases, I remain a tad worried about whether the operation would remain beneficial even in the long-run. According to the findings of noted orthopaedic specialists, these polyethylene implants can get worn out in a few years, forcing patients to go for further corrective surgeries.
  7. Excessive pains – During the first few days after a knee or shoulder joint replacement surgery, a person would be likely to experience some discomforts. However, if there are any associated damages in the ligaments or tendons, the pains to persist – and even increase in intensity over the next few days. That’s precisely why I take out some time for looking for such bruised/damaged ligaments. If present, I treat these problems first, before proceeding with the surgery.
  8. Will the legs be of equal length after the surgery? – At the time of my medical studies, I had studied several cases, where the patients’ legs became unequal in length – after a complete or partial knee replacement operation. From that point in time, I remain on the alert to make sure that the chosen implant is of the right length, so that the lower limbs do not get disfigured in any way.
  9. Prosthetics becoming loose over time – For people who have already been diagnosed to have mineral and cement deficiency in bones, this is a distinct possibility. During the follow-up sessions after a joint replacement, I regularly test whether the implant inserted in their limbs are still securely attached inside the muscles and tissues. After a hip replacement surgery, bending down frequently is not advisable, since that can also jerk the prosthetic from its proper spot. So far, I have had three patients for whom I had to replace the initially inserted joints.
  10. Rehabilitation – No matter how expertly I perform a hip, knee or shoulder joint replacement surgery, if the patients do not follow proper rehabilitation guidelines – all my efforts are likely to go in vain. To ensure lasting relief for people (as well as to preserve my goodwill!), I prepare detailed recuperation guidelines, including diet and exercising tips, so that patients can resume their regular activities quickly enough.

Since I always use high-quality artificial prosthetics, chances of cracks developing in them is practically zero. Depending on the type of operation and the general health condition of the patients, I determine the type of anesthetic to be used. In medical science, chances of unforeseen complications cannot be completely ruled out, but I try to handle all the probable risks in the best possible manner.

To Control Joint Pains Take Preventive Measure From Earlier Age

HIP_Replacement SurgeryIn my long-term career, I have seen that most of the people come with the problems of arthritis or joint pains after the age of 50 years or more. However, I am sure that if those people would take proper care of the bones from an earlier age they could avoid such issues. Joints usually connect two bones such as knee joint, shoulder joints or hip joints and take the weight to allow you move in a fluent manner. Trauma, strains and sprains, bursitis are some of the causes of the joint pain. Here I am going to mention certain tricks, following which they can avoid arthralgia in the later age.

Ice Therapy: In order to reduce the tissue from swelling, the flow of blood is needed to be reduced. Ice temperature helps to decrease blood flow thus whenever you feel pain you must put an ice pack on the place in an interval of every hour for duration of 15 minutes time. Apply the same process even on next day at least for four or five times for the same duration. The process helps you to heal the pain. The process is also known as cryotherapy. However, in order to shun the ice burn it is advised to not place the ice directly on skin rather to apply it by wrapping it in wash clothes or towels.

Hydrotherapy: Pouring warm water can also does wonder in case of getting relieved from joint pains. Having a bath in mild warm water or immersed the area in the water can bring relief to you by stimulating the flow of blood.

Massage: Giving a proper massage to the area of pain can also help you in order to get relieved from pain and further knee joint replacement. Proper massage can help you to get over the joint pain of knee and hips. You can go for it by both own or professional. If you are doing it by own remember to keep the direction of the stroke to the upward. A topical menthol rub massage can also help to reduce the pain.

Medication: However, it is the least option that is suggested, but in case the pain is acute, ibruphen can be a good relief for the joint pain. Non-steroidal drugs can help to relieve from the joint swelling as well as stiffness of the muscle. However, it is recommended that to visit the doctor before you take the medicines.

Exercise: Doing regular exercise helps you to avoid the joint pains and later to avoid the joint replacing surgeries. Therefore, it is important to choose the proper exercise, which let you to stay within the limit and not cause further pain. Exercise extends the limits of you muscle and strengthens the joints thus it prevents the joint aches. Further doing the exercise helps you to control body weight. It helps the joints such as knees and the joints to get relieved from taking the extra burden. As example you are 10kg weighing extra it put pressure equivalent to 30 kg extra on your knee joints.

Adapting right technique: it is always advisable that you must sit, work or lift heavy things in the proper technique as it helps your joint to be protected from the external injuries. People who are associated with the sports must use different protecting gears that would help them from being injured or hip joint replacement.

Finally, the best possible way to keep the joint pain away is by having a plenty of time by taking rest. It helps you to reenergise yourself and to repair the body damages in a natural way.

These few tricks can be used in order to avoid the joint related problems. However, causes like aging or family history cannot be avoided all the time. Thus, it is advisable to stay in touch of the doctor to avoid the joint problems. Keep the joint pains away and stay happy.

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